Hereditary factors can influence various eye diseases, but genetics don't seal one's fate. Glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, macular degeneration, and color blindness can be familial. Regular check-ups, a healthy lifestyle, and genetic testing may help manage the risks. Surgery and treatments exist for conditions like glaucoma and cataracts, while other diseases, such as macular degeneration, can be treated to slow progression.
Glaucoma was coined from the Greek word glaukos, meaning bluish-green or bluish-grey and another Greek word glaucoma meaning “the lens's opacity.” It occurs when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, subsequently increasing eye pressure and damaging the optic nerve.
Vision loss is a fear for many people, yet eye tests are often an after-thought. Studies show that some health conditions can be detected through eye tests. The NHS recommends that we get our eyes tested at least once every two years. An eye test does more than check your vision.
A dilated eye exam is the best thing you can do for your eye health! Since many eye diseases have no symptoms or warning signs, you could have a problem and not know it. Even if you think your eyes are healthy, getting a dilated eye exam is the only way to know for sure. Dilation is part of a thorough eye exam where your doctor uses special eye drops to keep your pupil open.